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Counselor Education & School Counseling

Recommended databases and library resources for Counselor Education and School Counseling.

How to Read a Scholarly Article

ABSTRACT:  This is a brief summary of the article.  It will contain the description of the problem, the outline of the study, methods or experiment, and a summary of the conclusions or findings.

HOW YOU CAN USE THIS: Glance over the abstract.  Is the article about the research that you are focused on?  If not, move on to the next article. If it is about your research, you want to move on to the CONCLUSION OR ANALYSIS.

CONCLUSION OR ANALYSIS:   This is where the results will be summarized and where the findings may be discussed.  Author(s) may also include how this relates to the field or to other research.  

HOW YOU CAN USE THIS: Read this section.  Does it relate to your research or project? If the article does not seem relevant or useful, move on to the next article.  If it is relevant, you want to move on to the METHODS.

METHODS:  This is where how the research was conducted will be described, including sample size and group. Does the group/population relate to your research?     Is it a qualitative or quantitative project? What data is the study based on?

If the Methods section is relevant, Now you can commit yourself to read the entire article.

REFERENCES:  This is whose research was read/reviewed.  This is a valuable section for possible sources.


Parts that help identify a Scholarly Article:

  • Abstract (summary of the whole article)
  • Introduction (why they did the research)
  • Materials & Methodology (how they did the research)
  • Results (what happened)
  • Discussion (what the results mean)
  • Conclusion (what they learned)
  • References (whose research they read)