Citation Help 2.0: APA

APA 7th Edition Citation Examples

Most Common APA Examples

Reference List


Lastname, X. (Year). Title in italics. Publisher Name. DOI (if applicable). 


Jones, M.A. (2014). Zombies in popular culture: A history. Longwood University Press.

Article in Electronic Journal

Lastname, X X. & Lastname, Y.Y. (Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume(issue), pages. DOI.

example with DOI:

Baniya, S., & Weech, S. (2019). Data and experience design: Negotiating community-oriented digital research with service-learning. Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement, 6(1), 11–16.

example without DOI (use stable URL): 

Denny, H., Nordlof, J., & Salem, L. (2018). "Tell me exactly what it was that I was doing that was so bad": Understanding the needs and expectations of working-class students in writing centers. Writing Center Journal, 37(1), 67–98.


With Author: Lastname, X.X. OR Organization Name. (Year, Month Date). Title of page. Site Name. URL

With no Author: Title of page. (Year, Month Date). Site name. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL


Price, D. (2018, March 23). Laziness does not exist. Medium.

example with no author:

Tuscan white bean pasta. (2018, February 25). Budgetbytes. Retrieved March 18, 2020, from

In-text Citations

In text citations can be parenthetical at the end of a sentence. 

(Lastname, Year).

example: Falsely balanced news coverage can distort the public's perception of expert consensus on an issue (Jackson, 2012).

In text citations can also occur within the narrative. 

example: Jackson (2012) noted the dangers of falsely balanced news coverage. 

Unrecoverable sources, such as personal communications, interviews, and quotes from research participants, are only cited in-text. They are not included in the reference list. 

example: (T. Nguyen, personal communication, February 24, 2020)